Gáspár Miklós Tamás (1948) is a Hungarian philosopher. He has studied philosophy and classics in Cluj and București, and graduated in 1972. After working as an assistant editor, he got into political difficulties with the Romanian authorities of the time, emigrated to Hungary where he taught, between 1979-1981, at the University of Budapest (ELTE). Sacked for political reasons again, he became known as one of the Hungarian dissident intellectuals. Elected as a liberal member of the Hungarian Parliament in 1989, he quit professional politics in 1994. He was the head of the Institute of Philosophy of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and has taught and done research at several universities in the United States, Britain and Europe, as well as at the Central European University in Budapest. He published several articles and essays on political philosophy and social theory, and his writings have been translated into 14 languages. Some of his most important books are: A szem és a kéz [The Eye and the Hand (samizdat), Budapest, 1983; French edition: Geneva, 1985], Idola tribus [in Hungarian and French, Paris, 1989, 1991], Másvilág [Otherworld, Budapest, 1994], Törzsi fogalmak I.-II. [Tribal Concepts, Budapest, 1999], Postfascism și anticomunism [Post-fascism and anticommunism, Cluj, 2014], Kommunismus nach 1989. Beiträge zu Klassentheorie, Realsozialismus und Osteuropa [Communism after 1989. Studies on Class Theory, Real Socialism and Eastern Europe, Wien, 2015].